The Importance of Looking at Parasites, Viruses, Yeast and Fungal Infections

By Dr. Richard Horowitz

Why Can't I Get Better: Solving the Mystery of Lyme and Chronic DiseaseIn his book Why Can’t I Get Better: Solving the Mystery of Lyme and Chronic Disease, Dr. Richard Horowitz proposes what he calls the MSIDS model. It stands for Multiple Systemic Infections Disease Syndrome and takes a broad look at how many different factors can contribute to persistent illness. In the following excerpt, he discusses several of the factors that can complicate diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease.

Parasitic Infections

Intestinal parasites like giardiaIntestinal parasites like giardia, amoeba, pinworm, hookworm, schistosomiasis, and strongyloides are part of the MSIDS map. These infections are found on both serum antibody testing and stool cultures (i.e., local labs, Genova stool CDSA). Although we generally think of parasitic worms as only inhabiting the GI tract, Dr. Alan MacDonald recently found nematode filarial worms in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease at autopsy. Dr. Eva Sapi has found filarial worms in Ixodes scapularis ticks, and Zhang and colleagues found them in lone star ticks, so it is possible that filarial worms are being regurgitated from the gut of the tick into humans after a tick bite. Dr. Steven Fry has found parasites in the bloodstream living in biofilms, called Protomyxoa rheumatica (FL-1953), which are composed of up to eight different genetic types of parasites. Babesia suppresses our ability to clear other parasites, so are multiple parasites partially responsible for chronic illness in Lyme-MSIDS?

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